• Greenhouse gas emissions continue to increase and is more than 50% higher than their 1990 level69.
  • Average global temperature has risen by 0.85°C.

“To put this into perspective, for each 1 degree of temperature increase, grain yields decline by about 5 per cent. Maize, wheat and other major crops have experienced significant yield reductions at the global level of 40 megatonnes per year between 1981 and 2002 due to a warmer climate.”70

  • Water scarcity affects more than 40 percent of people around the world71
  • This figure is likely to increase due to rising temperatures as a result of climate change
  • It is estimated that at least one in four people are likely to be affected by recurring water shortages by 205072

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