Securing fairly paid work is crucial to help individuals escape poverty. On a macro level, the taxes generated allow governments to pay for public services such as healthcare and education. UN SDG 8 is about creating decent work for everyone and achieving an annual economic growth of at least 7% in the poorest countries62.
Violent conflict has an adverse effect on the country’s economic development and growth. These places also breed opportunities for crime and exploitation. UN SDG 10 & 16 promotes taking measures and adoption of sound policies to protect these vulnerable groups, regardless of sex, race or ethnicity63
International migration lies at the core of globalisation. Women, men and children leave their homes – sometimes voluntarily, sometimes not – to escape poverty, inequalities, discrimination and the effects of climate change. While seeking a better life, what they find is often starkly different.
Despite the many benefits of migration, migrants remain the most vulnerable group of minorities in society. They often work for less pay, longer hours and worse conditions than national workers.
Human trafficking is also one of the most difficult issues to tackle due to its complexity and linkages with labour flows, globalization and migration. Due to the nature of organised crime, it is challenging to investigate and identify traffickers. Victims are also reluctant to participate in the process, for fear of retribution from the traffickers. Aside from prosecuting traffickers, protection and reintegration of victims is critical in addressing the issue.