International migration lies at the core of globalisation. Women, men and children leave their homes – sometimes voluntarily, sometimes not – to escape poverty, inequalities, discrimination and the effects of climate change. While seeking a better life, what they find is often starkly different.
Despite the many benefits of migration, migrants remain the most vulnerable group of minorities in society. They often work for less pay, longer hours and worse conditions than national workers.
Human trafficking is also one of the most difficult issues to tackle due to its complexity and linkages with labour flows, globalization and migration. Due to the nature of organised crime, it is challenging to investigate and identify traffickers. Victims are also reluctant to participate in the process, for fear of retribution from the traffickers. Aside from prosecuting traffickers, protection and reintegration of victims is critical in addressing the issue.